Zika virus advice from Illinois Department of Public Health

Date: 
07/27/2016
ZikaV

UPDATE
Just announced that the first local Zika transmission has occurred in Florida.  

The Zika virus has caused the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH), along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to issue warnings to travelers. 

“Because Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, IDPH wants to urge individuals visiting Brazil for the Olympics to protect themselves from mosquito bites,” said IDPH Director Nirav D. Shah, M.D., J.D. 

“This advice also applies to other destinations in the Americas that are currently experiencing an outbreak of Zika. While most people get the Zika virus from a mosquito bite, the virus can also be sexually transmitted, so it is important to take precautions against both modes of transmission.” 

Zika virus can be spread through anal, oral and vaginal sex. A man can pass Zika virus to his partner(s) even if he does not have symptoms at the time, or if his symptoms have gone away. IDPH says that while there is one documented case of Zika virus transmission from a woman to a man, more is still being learned.  

The use of condoms can reduce the chance of sexually transmitted Zika, according to the IDPH. "All pregnant women with sex partners who live in or have traveled to an area with the virus should use condoms or not have sex during their pregnancy, even if their partners do not have Zika symptoms or if their symptoms have gone away. People who live in or have traveled to an area with Zika virus should consider using condoms to protect their sex partners." 

The CDC has guidance for how long to wait before trying to get pregnant or have sex without a condom. 

Possible exposure via recent travel or sex without a condom

 

 

 

 Women

 Men

     Zika virus symptoms

Wait at least 8 weeks after symptoms start

Wait at least 6 months after symptoms start

     No Zika virus symptoms

Wait at least 8 weeks after exposure

Wait at least 8 weeks after exposure.

Talk with your healthcare provider

People living in areas with Zika virus

 

 

 

 Women

 Men

     Zika virus symptoms

Wait at least 8 weeks after symptoms start

Wait at least 6 months after symptoms start

     No Zika virus symptoms

Talk with doctor or healthcare provider

Talk with doctor or healthcare provider

When travelers return home, experts advise that they watch for Zika symptoms and call their health care provider if they suspect that they may have been infected.

More information is available from the Zika Virus Information Center and on the IDPH website

Recommendations for travelers

  • All travelers to the Olympics should take precautions to protect themselves against mosquito bites. Use insect repellent on exposed skin that contain active ingredients such DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, IR3535, or para-methane-diol; wear long sleeves and long pants when possible; and stay in air conditioned or screened-in rooms.
  • Pregnant women should not go to the Olympics. For those who must go, talk with a health care provider before going, strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites, and use a condom or do not have sex.
  • Women who could become pregnant or are trying to become pregnant should talk with a health care provider about the risk of Zika virus infection, strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites, and use a condom or do not have sex. 
  • All travelers should either use a condom or abstain from sex.

 Photo source: internet

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